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NewsNotes
February 2017

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In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist

~Dwight D. Eisenhower

 

Table of Contents

·         EPS News

·         In Other News

·         Links

·         Funding & Employment Opportunities

·         EPS Publications

·         Action Corner

·         Upcoming Events

·         How Can I Help?

 

EPS News

Call for Papers - 21st Annual Conference on Economics and Security

The 21st Annual Conference on Economics and Security will take place June 22 - 23, 2017 at the Royal Military Academy, Brussels.

This Conference is organized by Cind Du Bois (Royal Military Academy Brussels), Caroline Buts (Vrije Universiteit Brussels) and Paul Dunne (University of Cape Town, EPS UK).

Organizers welcome contributions from economists, political scientists and others from around the world to share ideas and discuss the future developments in different research areas related to peace and security.

Abstracts (up to 300 words) should be submitted before April 1, 2017 to be considered for the conference.

For further information or to submit a paper or panel proposal, contact:
Cind Du Bois: cindy.dubois@rma.ac.be

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In Other News

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said that Europe must not cave in to US demands to raise military spending, arguing that development and humanitarian aid could also count as security.

US President Donald Trump has raised questions about his commitment to the NATO defense alliance if European countries do not raise defense spending to 2 percent of economic output. The United States puts up 70 percent of alliance funds.

US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis warned North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies on Wednesday that they must honor military spending pledges to make sure the United States does not moderate its support.

"It has been the American message for many, many years. I am very much against letting ourselves be pushed into this," Juncker said in a speech on the sidelines of the international Munich Security Conference.

Read the full Reuters article here:

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-nato-defence-eu-idUSKBN15V31F

Links

DAPL Doesn’t Make Economic Sense
By Mark Paul for Dollars & Sense, February, 2017

Last week, Donald Trump signed an executive order to advance approval of the Keystone and Dakota Access oil pipelines. This should come as no surprise, as Trump continues to fill his administration with climate deniers, ranging from the negligent choice of Rick Perry as energy secretary to Scott Pruitt as the new head of the Environmental Protection Agency. Pruitt, a man who stated last year that “scientists continue to disagree” on humans role in climate change may very well take the “Protection” out of the EPA, despite a majority of Americans—including a majority of Republicans—wanting the EPA’s power to be maintained or strengthened.

As environmental economists, my colleague Anders Fremstad and I were concerned. We crunched the numbers on the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL). The verdict? Annual emissions associated with the oil pumped through the pipeline will impose a $4.6 billion burden on current and future generations.

First and foremost, the debate about DAPL should be about tribal rights and the right to clean water. Under the Obama administration, that seemed to carry some clout. Caving to pressure from protesters and an unprecedented gathering of more than a hundred tribes, Obama did indeed halt the DAPL, if only for a time. Under Trump and his crony capitalism mentality, the fight over the pipeline appears to be about corporate profits over tribal rights. Following Trump’s Executive Order to advance the pipeline, the Army Corps of Engineers has been ordered to approve the final easement to allow Energy Transfer Partners to complete the pipeline. The Standing Rock Sioux have vowed to take legal action against the decision.

Read the full article here:
http://www.dollarsandsense.org/archives/2017/0217paul.html

 

Call for papers: Political, Economic, Social, and Legal Aspects of Hosting Migrants and Refugees

By the end of 2014, over 59 million people had been forcibly displaced, the highest number since World War II. This increase is in particular a result of the civil war in Syria, which has caused the largest outflow in recent decades. Syrian refugees have mostly fled to neighboring countries, with Turkey hosting the largest number (currently about 2.7 million), but the crisis has also affected less proximate countries and the European Union.

 

This workshop brings together early career researchers from the UK and Turkey working on different aspects of migration and refugee flows, such as:

 

·         the reasons for migration

·         the choice of destination

·         the political and economic rights of refugees/migrants

·         public opinion towards refugees

·         the consequences of hosting refugees for the political, economic, and social stability and development of the host countries.

The workshop will combine early career and experienced researchers as well as practitioners (non-profit NGOs and government officials), and encourage and hopefully foster British-Turkish academic collaboration.

 

Funding & Employment Opportunities

Student Associate, The Project on Managing the Atom (MTA)
Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Massachusetts

The Project on Managing the Atom (MTA) at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government seeks Student Associates for the Summer of 2017. These internships provide opportunities for undergraduate or graduate students to meet experts in nuclear policy, attend lectures and seminars, and assist MTA project faculty, staff, and fellows with their research. MTA will provide a modest hourly wage or academic credit for the internship.

The MTA project conducts and disseminates policy-relevant research on a variety of topics:

Reducing the risk of nuclear and radiological terrorism

Stopping the spread of nuclear weapons

Reducing the dangers of existing nuclear stockpiles

Lowering the barriers to the safe, secure, and peaceful use of nuclear energy

The project supports an international group of pre- and post-doctoral fellows and other experts working on these issues.

More Information available here:
http://www.belfercenter.org/project/managing-atom?utm_source=SilverpopMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=MTA%20Internships%20(1)&utm_content=&spMailingID=16579120&spUserID=MTI2ODM2MDA1ODcS1&spJobID=961310619&spReportId=OTYxMzEwNjE5S0

Executive Director, Center for International Policy
Washington, DC

CIP seeks an Executive Director (“ED”) who is prepared to join the fight, to shape and recruit programs and build a new American peace and security movement. At this critical moment in history, CIP is recruiting a new ED who will carry on and strengthen CIP’s mission to promote cooperation, transparency and accountability in global relations. CIP is searching for a courageous and pragmatic leader to take the organization in new directions in response to today’s unique foreign policy challenges. Dedication to the mission is critical and equally important is a fighter who is unafraid to rock the boat.

More Information available here:
http://www.ciponline.org/images/uploads/press/CIP_ED_Position_Profile_%281%29.pdf

EPS Publications 

EPS Quarterly, Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2016
The Climate and The Military Issue 

Climate change is not some future threat. It’s here now. Flooding, drought, increased severity of storms, and melting ice caps are already impacting all life on our planet. It seems critically important that we extend the discussion of the appropriate use of our military to include the possible costs and consequences of climate change.

Table of Contents

·         Andrew Holland – American Security Project

·         Letter from the Director – Thea Harvey-Barratt

·         Climate Change: Does it Pose Real Global Security Concerns – Michael Curtin

·         Securing Whose Future? Militarism in an Age of Climate Crisis – Nick Buxton

·         The US Military on the Front Lines of Rising Seas – Erika Spanger-Siegfried, Kristina Dahl, Astrid Caldas, Shana Udvardy

·         Sea Levels Rise and the US Military’s Mission – Center for Climate and Security

Read the full issue here:
http://www.epsusa.org/publications/newsletter/2016/dec16.pdf

 

The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, Volume 11, Number 2 (2016)

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has long been researchers' primary source for countries' military expenditure data. For the most part, the data were limited to the time period from 1988 onward. Now, SIPRI is releasing revised and backdated data for, in most cases, 1960 onward. The articles in this issue of EPSJ examine the new data and use them for comparative studies relative to the use of the "old" SIPRI data. By way of introduction, the lead article by Sam Perlo-Freeman and Elisabeth Sköns, the previous and current leaders of SIPRI's military expenditure data project, relates the history of SIPRI's military expenditure data construction. Gulay Gunluk-Senesen compares the "old" and "new" SIPRI data for the cases of Greece and Turkey. So does Eftychia Nikolaidou, but for Greece, Portugal, and Spain and with an emphasis on reexamining the nexus between miltiary expenditure and economic growth, especially in light of the post-2008 global financial and EU-debt crises. Christos Kollias and Suzanna-Maria Paleologou broaden the scope to study the EU15 countries, focusing on growth, investment, and military expenditure. Julien Malizard also studies the EU15, focusing on military versus nonmilitary public expenditure. Mohamed Douch and Binyam Solomon broaden the scope even further, to eleven Middle Power countries. Finally, J. Paul Dunne and Nan Tian include nearly 100 countries in their comprehensive and comparative study of military expenditure and economic growth with the "old" and "new" SIPRI data.

Table of Contents

•Snakes and ladders: The development and multiple reconstructions of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute's military expenditure data
Sam Perlo-Freeman, Elisabeth Skons

•Some exercises with SIPRI's military expenditure alpha (a) data: Same story for Greece and Turkey?
Gulay Gunluk-Senesen

•Greece, Portugal, Spain: New evidence on the economic effects of military expenditure using the new SIPRI data
Eftychia Nikolaidou

•Investment, growth and defense expenditure in the EU15: Revisiting the nexus using SIPRI's new consistent dataset
Christos Kollias, Suzanna-Maria Paleologou

•Military expenditure and economic growth in the European Union: Evidence from SIPRI's extended dataset
Julien Malizard

•A dynamic panel analysis using SIPRI's extended military expenditure data: The cas of Middle Power nations
Mohamed Douch, Binyam Solomon

•Military expenditure and economic growth, 1960-2014
J. Paul Dunne, Nan Tian 

The Journal is a peer-reviewed online publication hosted by EPS. Published twice yearly, it raises and debates issues related to the political economy of personal, communal, national, international, and global peace and security. Previous contributors include Joseph Stiglitz, James Galbraith, and Lawrence Klein. The Journal’s website also features book reviews submitted by members and subscribers.

EPS members receive a 50% discount on the annual subscription to the Economics of Peace and Security Journal. A regular one-year subscription is $50; for EPS members, it's only $25!

For more information about the Journal or to subscribe:
http://www.epsjournal.org.uk/

To become a member of EPS (and qualify for the subscription discount):
http://epsusa.org/membership/membership.htm

EPS Quarterly, Volume 28, Issue 3, September 2016
The “Crisis of Austerity” Issue 

This issue is comprised of edited transcripts from a panel session held during the Allied Social Sciences Associations meetings in San Francisco, CA, January 3, 2016. 

Panel

Chair: Marshall Auerback

Patrick Honohan
Jeffrey Sommers
James K. Galbraith

Action Corner

Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017

On February 24, Congressman Ted W. Lieu (D-Ca.) and Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Ma.) introduced H.R. 669 and S. 200, the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2017.

The legislation is intended to prohibit a first-use nuclear strike without a declaration of war by Congress. The United States is a democracy, yet our nuclear weapons policy is an absolute monarchy. As it stands, the President can simply launch a nuclear weapon on a whim. No one can stop him. Not even Congress or the Supreme Court.

The bills intended purpose is to reduce the risk of intentional or accidental unilateral action. No one person, regardless of who it is, should have the sole authority to end civilization as we know it.

As the text of H.R. 669 states, this legislation is necessary because:

Nuclear weapons are uniquely powerful weapons that have the capability to instantly kill millions of people, create long-term health and environmental consequences throughout the world, directly undermine global peace, and put the United States at existential risk from retaliatory nuclear strikes.

If you would like to support this bill, please phone your senators.  You can find their direct numbers here
https://www.senate.gov/senators/contact/ or call the Senate switchboard at (202) 224-3121.

 

Do you have a foreign policy alternative that should be heard in the halls of government?

Citizens for Global Solutions Political Action Committee (Global Solutions PAC) works to elect federal candidates who support building effective democratic global institutions that will apply the rule of law while respecting the diversity and autonomy of national and local communities.

To learn more about Global Solutions PAC, visit
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To access the emailaddresses, phone and fax numbers, or websites of your elected officials in Congress, enter your zip code at
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If you would like to post an EPS flyer on a departmental bulletin board or similar venue,

please contact Thea Harvey at theaharvey@epsusa.org.

Upcoming Events

February 23 – 27, 2017 The 43rd Annual Eastern Economics Association Conference will be held in New York, New York at the Sheraton Times Square.

More information available here:
https://www.qu.edu/eea/conferences/

March 27 – 31, 2017 Trust, Diplomacy and Conflict Transformation Training Program will be run by the Institute for Conflict, Cooperation and Security at the University of Birmingham, UK.

More information available here:
http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/government-society/centres/iccs/training/index.aspx

April 20 – 23, 2017  Waging Peace AFC’S Summit for Peace and Justice will be held at the Sheraton Hotel Philadelphia, PA

More information available here:
https://www.afsc.org/summit?emci=d30ef44b-45ed-e611-80c3-000d3a125750&emdi=307f9088-0df3-e611-80c3-000d3a125feb

June 22 -23, 2017 The 21st Annual Conference on Economics and Security will be held at the Royal Military Academy in Brussels, Belgium.

More information available here:
http://www.defense-realms.com/call-papers-conference-economics-security-2017/

June 25 – 29, 2017 The Western Economic Association International 92nd Annual Conference will be held at the Marriott Marquis & Marina, San Diego, California.

More information available here:

http://www.weai.org/AC2017

June 26 – 28, 2017 The Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference will be held at the University of Antwerp, Prinsstraat 13, Antwerpen, Belgium.

More information available here:
http://www.europeanpeacescientists.org/jan.html

September 6 – 9, 2017 The European Consortium for Political Research 2017 General Conference will be held at the University of Olsow, Norway.

More information available here:
https://ecpr.eu/Events/EventDetails.aspx?EventID=96

September 18 – 19, 2017 Conflict Research Society Annual Conference 2017: Ending Violence in Turbulent Times: Exploring the Conflict, Peace and Violence Nexus will be hosted by the Changing Charachet of War programme at Pembroke College, University of Oxford.

More information available here:
http://conflictresearchsociety.org/ourevents/crs-conference-oxford-2017/

 

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