NewsNotes - May 2008

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What kind of peace do we seek? Not a PAX Americana enforced on the world by American weapons of war. Not the peace of the grave or the security of the slave. I am talking about genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living, the kind that enables men and nations to grow and to hope and to build a better life for their children – not merely peace for Americans but peace for all men and women – not merely peace in our time but peace for all time.

~John F. Kennedy

In Other News Links
In Other News In Other News
Funding Opportunities Funding and Employment Opportunities
Publications EPS Publications
Action Corner Action Corner
How Can I Help Upcoming Events
Upcoming Events How Can I Help?
EPS News

The second Australasian Conference on Security, Peace Economics and Peace Science will be held July 25 – 26, 2008 in Sydney, Australia.

The meeting is being organized by EPS-Australia, Peace Science Security (International), the University of Western Sydney, Macquarie University of Sydney, and Binghamton University. More information on the conference can be found at
conference_on_economics _and_politics_of_war_and_peace

Featured speakers include: Prof. Jurgen Brauer, Augusta State University; Prof. Steve Chan, University of Colorado; and Prof. Michael Intriligator, UCLA.

Bullet Congratulations to EPS Fellow Bill Hartung and co-author Miriam Pemberton on the publications of their new book, Lessons from Iraq, Avoiding the Next War. In it the authors discuss the lessons of the war, and how to keep them learned.

Institute for Policy Studies Research Fellow Miriam Pemberton and New America Foundation Fellow William D. Hartung have asked the experts to boil the lessons of the war down for the rest of us.  The authors include The Three Trillion Dollar War co-authors Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes, pre-war UN weapons inspector Hans Blix, and National Book Award winner Frances Fitzgerald.

There will be a discussion event on June 17, 2008 from 6:30pm to 8:00pm at the New York University Puck Building, 295 Lafayette St. New York, NY, with a reception to follow. The public is invited and there is no cost.

More information and directions are at

Bullet Congratulations to Linda Bilmes on receiving the American Friends Service Committee's annual "Speaking Truth to Power" award. The award recognizes Ms. Bilmes for "impressive scholarship on the economic cost of war and research on wounded veterans, willingness to bring these important issues to the public arena, and partnership in [FCNL's] Cost of War project". Previous Speaking Truth to Power Award recipients include the author Studs Terkel, Calvin Morris (Executive Director, Community Renewal Society), Charlie Richardson and Nancy Lessing (Co-founders of Military Families Speak Out).

The Economist System (TES) virtual machine is an online software resource designed to help you solve economic models, using Gauss-Seidel, Winters or Regressions. The system was co-developed by Aedil Suarez, chair of ECAAR-Chile and director of MSc and PhD programs at UTEM (Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana del Estado de Chile), along with Josef Kolar at Prague Technical University and  Hector Medellin  of  ITZ (Instituto Tecnológico of Zacatepec ) in México. TES  is an academic system only.

A new version of the TES virtual machine was launched recently, along with a handbook and other resources.


Want to know who is reading The Three Trillion Dollar War? Visit the blog where you will find that on May 12 the New York Times ran a piece about the Suffering of Soldiers which quotes the book, and that on May 9 Hollywood actor John Cusack blogged about the book on DailyKos.

Mr. Cusack notes "$3 trillion is... a whole lot of zeroes, but what does it really amount to? How many homes would it buy for Americans who’ve fallen victim to the subprime meltdown? How many debts would it pay off for developing nations? As it turns out, one whole hell of a lot of all those things combined."


The Twelfth Annual Conference on Economics and Security will take place June 11 - 13, 2008 in Ankara, Turkey.

Over the last few decades, economic analysis of security issues has been crucial for public policy makers, with billions of dollars being spent on security related products and services each year and crucial peace making and keeping actions also playing an important role in European policy making. With the integration and the enlargement of the European Union, questions regarding the common understanding of economics of security have to be critically reconsidered, both theoretically and empirically.

This conference is sponsored by Economists for Peace and Security, Middle East Technical University, Turkish Scientific and Research Council (TÜBITAK), and the University of the West of England.

Further details about the conference are at The organizers request that those planning to attend register as early as possible.


Vol. 3, No. 1 - Symposium: The UK Military Industrial Complex of the Economics of Peace and Security Journal is now online.

EPS members receive a 25% discount on the annual subscription to the Economics of Peace and Security Journal. Regular one-year subscriptions are $40 per year; for EPS members the one-year subscription is $30.

The Journal is a peer-reviewed online publication hosted by EPS-UK. Published twice yearly, it raises and debates all issues related to the political economy of personal, communal, national, international, and global peace and security. Past contributors have included Joseph Stiglitz, James Galbraith, and Lawrence Klein. The Journal's website also includes book reviews submitted by members and subscribers.

For more information or to subscribe to the Journal, please visit:

To become a member of EPS (and to qualify for the subscription discount) please visit:

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IPIS (the International Peace Information Service) is an independent research institute based in Antwerp, Belgium, which focuses on Sub-Saharan Africa. Their studies concern three core themes: arms trade, exploitation of natural resources, and corporate social responsibility.

IPIS has recently released a Practical Guide about the International Human Rights Frameworks and how Business fits into it. This guide provides business enterprises an overview of the international human rights frameworks. It also uses the Human Rights Compliance Assessment tool created by the Danish Institute for Human Rights. It should be used as a tool for businesses and does not absolve them from not working out detailed principles for the specific sector which they are operational. It is imperative for business managers to take the frameworks and use it in their daily operations.


Peace Through Commerce is an integrated outreach, education, and engagement platform designed to promote peace through commerce and to celebrate the powerful role commerce plays in promoting peace.

Michael Strong, founder of Peace through Commerce, and CEO of FLOW, writes, "Something extraordinary is happening in global development circles. For the first time since the 19th century, progressive activists are embracing trade as a positive tool for change... This could represent a fundamental turning of the tide from a world based on nationalism and violence to a world based on commerce and peace.

"Recent research by Columbia University political science professor Erik Gartzke shows that economic freedom is about fifty times more effective than democracy in diminishing violent conflict. The democratic peace turns out to be the free market peace.”

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In Other News

The Associated Press has announced that Congress has formed a new commission to study WMDs (weapons of mass destruction). The commission is mandated to look at the government's myriad WMD programs to counter nuclear, biological and chemical arms capable of killing great numbers of people and make recommendations on how to coordinate them. It was created by a 2007 law in response to the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. Commission members, announced Friday, include former Sen. Bob Graham, D-Fla., and former Rep. Tim Roemer, D-Ind., who was a member of the 9/11 commission.


As mentioned in last month's NewsNotes, a ship carrying arms, including 3 million rounds of ammunition, bound for Zimbabwe was sailing around the Indian Ocean trying to find a way of delivering its cargo. It is highly likely that these weapons will be used to fuel violence, killings and intimidation in Zimbabwe's growing political crisis. Dock workers in Luana, Angola and Durban, South Africa have refused to unload the ship. In both countries, human rights lawyers obtained court orders prohibiting any transit of the arms to Zimbabwe. The government of Mozambique also declared that it would not allow the weapons to come through its territory.

The lack of a global legally-binding agreement on arms transfers meant the international community had no legal framework to stop the shipment. A tough legally binding Arms Trade Treaty would have placed obligations on the original exporter, obligations on the transiting states and present a mechanism for enforcement.

An ATT is under development at the UN. A group of government experts (GGE) is meeting in New York from 12 May for a second round of discussions on the scope and parameters of such a treaty. Civil society is calling on the experts to push for an ATT based on International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law, which also recognizes the effect of arms transfers on development. The treaty must also cover all types of weapons (including ammunition) and all types of transfers – including import, transit, loans and gifts.

For more information on the arms shipment and the progress of the Arms Trade Treaty, please visit the website of the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) at

Bullet Congratulations to Joleen Ong on winning best document short at the Trenton Film Festival, for her film Sell me a dream.

This short documentary captures the nature of military recruitment in post 9/11 America using interviews from Vietnam and Iraq War Veterans, counter-recruitment activists, and military personnel. The film is also driven by footage of the war in Iraq. Sell Me a Dream is about the economic draft and patriotic wave that has swept over America. To watch the video go to

Ms. Ong is an intern at Social Accountability International, an international non-profit human rights organization dedicated to the ethical treatment of workers around the world.  SAI’s social standard, called SA8000, functions as a highly effective and expedient system for delivering improved social performance to businesses and their supply chain facilities. The SA8000 solution is designed to ensure compliance with the highest ethical sourcing standards by integrating management tools that serve the needs of workers and businesses alike.

SAI convenes key stakeholders to build and continually refine consensus-based ethical workplace standards; works with Social Accountability Accreditation Services (SAAS) to accredit qualified organizations to verify compliance with these standards; promotes the understanding and implementation of social performance standards worldwide; and happens to be run by EPS member, Alice Tepper Marlin.


The latest issue of Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, edited by EPS members Walter Isard and Raul Caruso is now available at

Articles include:


Call for papers: The Department of Applied Economics of the University of the Basque Country and the Cambridge Centre for Economic and Public Policy, Department of Land Economy, of the University of Cambridge are organizing the 5th International Conference, “Developments in Economic Theory and Policy.” The Conference will be held in Bilbao, Spain, July 10 - 11, 2008, at the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of the Basque Country.
Although papers are invited on all areas of economics, the priority areas are the following ones:

  • New Consensus in Macroeconomics
  • Spatial Economics
  • European Convergence
  • Policy/Path Dependence and Macroeconomics

Organized sessions are also encouraged. The deadline to submit papers and ‘Organized Sessions’ is June 10, 2008.
For more information, contact with Jesus Ferreiro ( or visit the website

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Funding and Employment Opportunities
Bullet The Institute for Energy and Environmental is seeking an Outreach Coordinator.

Founded in 1985, the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that aims to further public involvement in and control over environmental problems through the democratization of science.  IEER provides grassroots groups, policy makers, journalists, educators, and the public with accurate and understandable scientific and technical information and analyses on energy, environmental, and security issues. IEER research and analyses have made important contributions to campaigns to stop nuclear weapons production, improve cleanup of nuclear weapons production sites, and get a modicum of justice for sick nuclear weapons workers. 

For complete job listing or to apply, email resume with three references to The position will be filled as soon as possible. Applications accepted until position is filled.

The East Asia Institute (EAI), an independent non-profit research and educational institution in Seoul, Korea, offers a Fellows Program on Peace, Governance, and Development in East Asia. The Fellowship was established in 2005 by EAI, as an international exchange program for scholars with expertise in peace, governance, and development in East Asia. Funded by the Henry Luce Foundation of New York, the East Asia Foundation of Seoul, and the Chang Ching-Kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange of Taipei, it invites established and next-generation East Asianists of the United States to give seminars and lectures based on unpublished articles submitted exclusively for the Fellows Program during their visit of three weeks to two or more institutions of higher education in East Asia. The EAI Fellows hold seminars and lectures, based on an unpublished article submitted solely for the purpose of the Fellows Program, at the Programs Member Institutions: the East Asia Institute in Seoul, Fudan University in Shanghai, Keio University in Tokyo, Peking University in Beijing, and Taiwan National University in Taipei.

There will be five Fellows in 2008. Each of the Fellows receives a stipend of USD10,000 for the cost of travel and accommodation in East Asia for three weeks. Application is open to tenured, tenure-track as well as non-tenured East Asianist professors based in the United States conducting research in the fields of political science, international relations, and sociology. Seminars and lectures will be conducted in English. The deadline for receipt of applications is May 31, 2008. Applicants will be notified of the decision on July 20, 2008.

More information is at

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EPS Publications and Resources

Member Susan Edelman has written an article for EPS reviewing The Numbers, Just the Numbers: GWOT and the Requests for Supplemental Appropriations. In it she discusses the atypical use of supplemental appropriations in the Global War on Terror as compared to past wars. She also details the actual outlays for each year since fiscal year 2001.

Bullet Proceedings from the EPS conference War and Poverty, Peace and Prosperity, held May 30 - June 1, 2007 in Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, are available in hard copy or PDF. Audio and transcripts of each session are also posted on our website. To request a hard copy, please email Thea Harvey at

"Arms, War and Terrorism in the Global Economy Today: Economic Analyses and Civilian Alternatives" is a volume published by Bremer Schriften zur Konversion that presents papers of two joint seminars of EPS and the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE) which took place in Rethymon, Crete, Greece, complemented by papers from the Second International Conference on Defense, Security, and Economic Development held in Larissa, Greece in 2004.

Contributing authors include Michael Intriligator, Fannie Coulomb, Jacques Fontanel, Jurgen Brauer, Gulay Gunluk-Senesen, J. Paul Dunne, Luc Mampaey, Claude Serfati, Christos Kollias, Clark Abt, and Lucy Law Webster, as well as many other notable economists.

The book is available from the publishers, LIT Verlag, for €24.90 at


Fact Sheets: Periodically, we release two-sided fact sheets designed to give an accessible, graphic look at one specific issue of concern to our members and constituency.

Global Arms Trade 2004 examines the world's supplies of conventional weapons and small arms.

Military vs. Social Spending: Warfare or Human Welfare compares US and global military spending with the costs of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals.


Conflict or Development? This book has a regional focus on Africa, the site of most of the world's current armed conflicts. In its pages some of the leading economists of the day analyze and reflect on the relationships among military spending, domestic and foreign policy, security, and human welfare. Features include country studies, sections on business and conflict, and "Trends in World Military Expenditure." Written in clear English, with informative maps, tables, and graphs, the series is designed to inform the debate among policymakers, activists, journalists, academics, students, and citizens worldwide.

You can order Conflict or Development by emailing

Conflict or Development is also a valuable resource in teaching economics, political science, and international relations courses. To review a copy for use in your syllabus, email Thea Harvey at

Bullet The Full Cost of Ballistic Missile Defense. This study estimates that the total life cycle cost for a layered missile defense system could reach $1.2 trillion through 2035. You can download the PDF file from, or order a copy of the report from the cosponsor of the study at

Data Resource webpage offers links to data sources for:

  • International military expenditure and conflict indicators
  • US military expenditure and capabilities
  • Western Europe
  • Russia If you know of a data source that you feel should be added to our list, please contact Thea Harvey at

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Action Corner

Physicians for Social Responsibility is spearheading a campaign to Tell Congress to Prevent a War in Iran.

Increasingly the administration is taking a threatening posture toward Iran. Diplomacy can work. A new US policy should include direct engagement in order to build an ongoing dialogue that will lead to stability in diplomatic relations. This new policy must be future oriented and able to deal successfully with threats to the nuclear nonproliferation regime.

Sanctions are not Diplomacy: Through three consecutive resolutions since 2006, the United States has led an effort with European allies to sanction Iran. In response, Iran consecutively weakens International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) cooperation. Full and enhanced IAEA cooperation is needed to verify that nuclear energy technology is not being diverted to a weapons program. 

We need Negotiations without Preconditions: Current US policy states that the US would talk with Iran only after Iran stops enriching uranium. Iran has made very clear that it will not negotiate with preconditions. Yet, negotiations are the only way to swap incentives for concessions.

Threats of War are not the Answer: Threatening Iran with a military attack only increases tension in US-Iranian relations and increases the possibility of war. An attack on Iran would validate the arguments of those in Iran that support nuclear weapons acquisition for security reasons.

H.R. 5056, The Iran Diplomatic Accountability Act of 2008, provides for the appointment of a high-level United States representative or special envoy for Iran for the purpose of easing tensions and normalizing relations between the United States and Iran. The bill is currently being considered by the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Read the bill at

To send an email to your Representative asking him/her to co-sponsor H.R. 5056 and support hearings that will promote direct negotiations with Iran without preconditions, please visit the Physicians for Social Responsibility campaign website.  This bill would provide for the appointment of a high-level United States representative or special envoy to Iran for the purpose of easing tensions and normalizing relations between the United States and Iran.


The world community is calling for a ban on cluster bombs. On May 19, representatives of more than half the world's nations will gather in Dublin, Ireland, to hammer out the final details of a treaty banning the use and export of all or most cluster bombs.

The US government won't be there. We need to show the world that millions of people in this country support protecting civilians from the indiscriminate effects of cluster bombs. The way to do that is to increase the number of cosponsors of congressional legislation that would effectively ban these indiscriminate weapons from the US arsenal.

Many have already raised their voices against cluster weapons in the lead up to these negotiations. In the last month, more than 200 people in 41 states organized events in meetings, churches, restaurants, homes, and on college campuses to watch the documentary Bombies, to write letters to Congress, and to learn how to advance a cluster bomb ban.

But the work isn't done. Nineteen senators have cosponsored legislation to effectively ban cluster bombs. FCNL hopes to persuade at least one-quarter of the Senate - 25 senators - to cosponsor this legislation before the global negotiations begin in mid-May.

Take Action

Urge your senators to add their names to the growing list of elected leaders from both parties who have cosponsored the Cluster Munitions Civilian Protection Act (S. 594).


The House has just passed H.R. 3033 (the "Contractor and Federal Spending Accountability Act"). The bill, introduced by Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), would essentially formalize POGO's (The Project On Government Oversight) Federal Contractor Misconduct Database by establishing a government database with centralized information on federal contractors who have broken the law and violated federal regulations.  As of now, there are almost no safeguards in place to prevent irresponsible contractors from receiving future taxpayer dollars.  The proposed database would allow procurement officials to become more informed about a company's corporate history before making contracting decisions.

This is a huge victory for taxpayers that will improve contractor accountability.  POGO strongly supported Rep. Maloney's legislation, which now goes to the Senate, where Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO) has already introduced a companion bill.   


Want to get the word out on the topic that matters most to you? With a letter to your local paper, you can help bring your message not only to your neighbors, but directly to the offices of your Members of Congress as well, where staffers and our lawmakers themselves follow opinions from home with an especially watchful eye.

The ACLU has a tool that helps write and send letters to local papers. Available are a list of media outlets by state, tips on how to write a letter in your own words, plus talking points for the listed topics.

Bullet Do you have a foreign policy alternative that should be heard in the halls of government? Citizens for Global Solutions provides an easy-to-use tool to find the foreign policy staffer for your Member of Congress. Click here to access the Foreign Policy Staffer Locator:
Bullet If you would like to post an EPS flyer on a departmental bulletin board or similar venue, please contact Thea Harvey at
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Upcoming Events
Bullet May 21, 2008. Book release party for Helena Cobban's Re-Engage! America and the World after Bush from 5:30pm to 7:00pm at the Open Society Institute, Washington DC. This event is sponsored by Connect US. Please RSVP online at

June 11 – 13, 2008. The Twelfth Annual Conference on Economics and Security will take place in Ankara, Turkey, sponsored by Economists for Peace and Security, Middle East Technical University, Turkish Scientific and Research Council (TÜBITAK), and the University of the West of England.

Further details about the conference are at

Bullet June 17, 2008. Book discussion event for Lessons from Iraq, Avoiding the Next War from 6:30pm to 8:00pm at the New York University Puck Building, 295 Lafayette St. New York, NY, with a reception to follow. The public is invited and there is no cost.

June 30 – July 2, 2008. Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference in Amsterdam at the Tinbergen Institute, Roeterstraat 31, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Registration fee will be €50. For more information visit

Bullet July 10 – 11, 2008. The 5th International Conference Developments in Economic Theory and Policy, organized by The Department of Applied Economics of the University of the Basque Country and the Cambridge Centre for Economic and Public Policy, Department of Land Economy, of the University of Cambridge. The Conference will be held in Bilbao (Spain), at the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of the Basque Country. For more information, you can contact with Jesus Ferreiro ( or visit the website
Bullet July 14 – 18, 2008. Third Biennial Meeting of States to consider the implementation of the Programme of Action to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects at the United Nations in New York. Information at
Bullet July 25 – 26, 2008. The second Australasian Conference on Security, Peace Economics and Peace Science will be held at Sydney, Australia. The meeting will be organized in cooperation with EPS-Australia, Peace Science Security (International), the University of Western Sydney, Macquarie University of Sydney, and Binghamton University. Persons interested in attending the conference are requested to contact Professor Manas Chatterji at (607) 777-2475 or More information on the conference can be found at

September 3 – 7, 2008. The European Science Foundation presents a conference on Imaging War: Intergenerational Perspectives in Vadstena, Sweden. Closing date for applications, as well as for abstracts is June 11, 2008 More information at

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