a monthly email update of goings-on at ECAAR. In it you will find
information on current projects, announcements of upcoming events
and publications, and an action corner. We would like to include
information on what our members are doing. If you would like to
submit information about an event or publication that you are involved
with, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. (The fine print
- we reserve the right to edit submissions for space or content.)
THIS ISSUE (click on a heading to jump to that section):
*In Other News
*How Can I Help?
* The Fall issue of ECAAR NewsNetwork will be in the mail
later this month. This issue includes the following articles, as
well as announcements about our sessions and events at the ASSA
meetings in January. You can read individual articles at the links
* ECAAR is expanding our presence at the ASSA/AEA meetings
this year. Our session topics are The Abuse of Power and
The Economics of Space Weapons. In addition to our usual
two sessions, we are co-sponsoring a session with URPE/AEA on The
Political Economy of Military Spending . For details on presenters,
times and locations see http://www.ecaar.org/Events/aea2005.htm.
For the past two years ECAAR has had an "association table"
near the registration booths. This year we are adding a booth in
the exhibit hall. Please stop by to find out more about our activities,
to renew your membership, to find information about our sessions,
or just to say hi. We will be in Booth B125
The ECAAR annual dinner this year honors Trustee Robert M. Solow.
It will take place on Saturday, January 8, 2005 in the Philadelphia
Marriott, Liberty A Ballroom. The evening will begin with a reception
at 7:00pm, followed by dinner at 7:30pm. Dr Solow will speak on,
"Last Thoughts on Investment and Growth." All current
ECAAR members will receive an invitation. If you are not a member
and would like to receive an invitation, please e-mail email@example.com.
* Economistas por La Paz y La Seguridad offers a section of their
website with papers on economics, peace and security. Included in
this section is a new Spanish translation of James K. Galbraith's
"Tiempos prósperos para la industria armamentística"
EPS is also looking for people to translate economics, peace and
security texts (like the ECAAR newsletter) into Spanish. Please
to volunteer. To read the original English of Dr. Galbraith's article,
Boom Times for War Inc. please go to http://www.ecaar.org/Articles/galbraith.htm.
* The 31st annual Eastern Economic Association Conference
will be held March 4-6 in New York, NY, at the Sheraton New York
Hotel and Towers. ECAAR is will be hosting a session Saturday, March
5th, at 11:00am, on The Costs of War. The presenters will
- Jurgen Brauer, U.S. Military Expenditure: Data, Models, Coefficients
- David Gold, The Economics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism
- Lawrence Klein, The Macroeconomics of Preventive War: What
Has Iraq Done to the US Economy.
Conference program and other information is available at http://www.iona.edu/eea
* Four presentations given in Sydney in April, at the symposium
on "Natural Resources and Conflict," will be published
in the Policy Dialogue section of the Pacific Economic Bulletin,
the academic journal published by the Australian National University.
The authors are Graham Hassall, Glenn Banks, Rowan Callick and Steve
Darvill. They will be published in the first issue of 2005, i.e.
volume 20, number 1 of the PEB. Dr. David Throsby, the Chair of
ECAAR-Australia, will write an introduction that will address the
media aspects of the symposium.
The Pacific Economic Bulletin's website is http://peb.anu.edu.au/.
It is a subscription journal, but Policy Dialogue articles are available
for free download. This journal has wide circulation in S.E. Asia,
Papua New Guinea and the Pacific, and is regarded as the authoritative
scholarly voice on economic matters affecting the region. It has
strong penetration in policy circles.
* ECAAR contributed an active presence at the annual conference
of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE),
in Rethymno, Crete, Greece, October 28 - 31. This year marked the
first official ECAAR participation at this important conference.
Dr. Michael D. Intriligator, Vice Chair of ECAAR's Board of Directors,
gave a keynote address at the first plenary session. His talk was
entitled "Globalization of the World Economy: Potential
Benefits and Costs and a Net Assessment."
Wolfram Elsner, chair of ECAAR- Germany, chaired two panel sessions
during the conference on "The Political Economy of War, Peace
and (Dis)Armament, and Arms Industries and Conversion." The
first included papers by ECAAR members Clark Abt (Countering
Global Terrorist Use of Biological and Nuclear Weapons by Civil
Means) and Christos Kollias (The Effects of External Security
Related Shocks on Financial Markets).
The second panel session included papers by the Chair of ECAAR-UK,
Paul Dunne on "The Evolution of the International Arms Industries,"
ECAAR member Fanny Coulomb on "The Concept of Economic War,"
members Claude Serfati and Luc Mampaey on "The Alliance
between the Arms Industry and the Financial Markets at the Turn
of the Century," and Board member Lucy Law Webster's paper
on "Overcoming War and Empire by Incentivizing Justice."
Next year's conference will be held at the University of Bremen
in Bremen, Germany (see call for papers below). We hope that this
year's extensive ECAAR presence can be reproduced in 2005. If you
are interested in participating, please contact Wolfram Elsner at
* Wolfram Elsner, chair of ECAAR-Germany, invites you to organize
a session at the 2005 EAEPE conference in Bremen, Germany. The
European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE)
offers an important pluralist international discussion forum for
heterodox economists and issues in a broad sense, and in terms of
its membership it represents one of the biggest economics associations
in Europe. In preparation for the 2005 annual meetings, the EAEPE
Council has decided to make this event a broad international discussion
forum and to invite guest associations and initiatives from a widely
varied political-economic spectrum to contribute their own themes,
sessions and panels. EAEPE's Scientific Committee will be glad to
consider your suggestions for the final programme.
The title of next year's meetings is A New Deal for the New
Economy? Global and Local Developments, and New Institutional Arrangements.
The globalization of production is accompanied by an increasing
fragmentation of the value-added chains. These changes may provide
opportunities for development and improvements in overall economic
well-being. Innovative activities play a key role to realize this
potential. On the other hand these transformations bear increasing
risks for conflict, interventionism and even terrorism as a result
of worsening global inequalities. Different forms of socio-economic
coordination and cooperation problems require the development of
coordinating and conflict-mediating institutional arrangements.
The EAEPE Conference 2005 will offer a forum for discussing these
topics. Please contact Dr. Elsner by telephone at +49-421-218-7535,
or email firstname.lastname@example.org
for more information.
return to top
* Sometimes revisiting the writings of the past can inform
the present. President Dwight D. Eisenhower suggested that the
following questions should always be considered in making military
policy decisions: "Does it or does it not tend to sustain
our economy; to provide needed military strength; to increase
our understanding of others or others' understanding of us?
Does it give us a more secure position internationally? Does
it promise to preserve and nurture love of liberty and self-dependence
among our people? Does it improve our health and our living
standards? Does it insure to our children the kind of nation
and government we have known?"
And he went on to say, "If proposed laws and policies
are described as mere battle grounds on which individuals or
parties seeking political power suffer defeat or achieve victory,
then indeed is the American system distorted for us and for
the world. If the fortunes of the individual supporting or opposing
a measure become, in our public accounts, as important as the
principle or purpose of the project and its effect upon the
Nation - then indeed are we failing to develop the strength
that understanding brings. If the day comes when personal conflicts
are more significant than honest debate on great policy, then
the flame of freedom will flicker low indeed..."
*IN OTHER NEWS*
* Security Policy Working Group presented a forum on October 19th,
on "The Effect of Recent Military Operations on America's
Armed Forces." Speakers included Lawrence Korb from
the Center for American Progress, James Fallows from The Atlantic
Magazine, Pat Towell from the Center for Strategic and Budgetary
Assessments, Col. Douglas MacGregor (ret.) and others. The event
was broadcast on C-SPAN Foreign Policy Live. More information at
* The National Priorities Project, a Security Policy Working Group
partner of ECAAR, has a new interactive report on The Cost
of War by State and City, recently released with the Center
for American Progress. The report also contrasts this money with
the money received by each state for No Child Left Behind and Homeland
Security. You can check out the cost of the war for your city; it
may surprise you. The report can be found at http://www.nationalpriorities.org/maps/index.html.
* In all the pre-election hullabaloo, a Bush Administration plan
to ask for an additional $70 billion in emergency funding
for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan early next year, reported in
the Washington Post on October 26th, failed to catch national attention.
If approved, the new funding would bring the total cost close to
$225 billion. The new numbers "underscore that the [Iraq] war
is going to be far more costly and intense, and last longer, than
the administration first suggested." http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A62554-2004Oct25?language=printer
* id21News of October 2004 features Guest Editor, Jane Chanaa of
Oxfam-Great Britain. Her topic is Buying Arms; Selling Lives:
Critical Roles in Arms Control. (http://www.id21.org/id21-info/GuestEds/ChanaaOct04.html)
The world spends US$ 900 billion on defense each year, but only
around US$ 50 billion on development aid. Across Africa, Latin America,
Asia and the Middle East, an average of US$ 22 billion is spent
annually on arms. This sum would enable those regions to meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of achieving universal primary
education and reducing infant and maternal mortality. Instead one
child in five does not complete primary school, more than 10 million
children die each year, and half a million women die in pregnancy
or childbirth. id21 Guest Editor Jane Chanaa points to the crucial
roles that development organizations and exporter and importer states
must play in halting the negative impact of arms deals on development.
This issue includes articles on:
To view the June 2004 issue of Insights, also published by id21,
guest edited by ECAAR Board member Richard Jolly and including contributions
from ECAAR Trustee Oscar Arias and Director, Kate Cell, visit http://www.id21.org/insights/insights50/index.html
* Foreign Policy In Focus recently released a new Policy Brief,
Missile Defense All Over Again, by Michelle Ciarrocca.
The Bush administration remains determined to deploy a national
missile defense (NMD) despite its continued technical failures.
Five interceptors have already been installed in Alaska and exercises
have begun in order to make the system capable of going on alert
by the end of 2004. Deployment of the NMD system will continue to
weaken nonproliferation efforts while failing to improve the security
of Americans - the most likely delivery vehicle for a weapon of
mass destruction remains a suitcase or other non-missile delivery
But as analyst Michelle Ciarrocca notes, "the Bush administration
remains committed to pursuing missile defense over multilateral
arms control and disarmament. President Bush recently said that
those opposing missile defense "don't understand the threats
of the 21st century." "They're living in the past. We're
living in the future," he told a crowd of Boeing employees
in Pennsylvania. However, deploying a missile defense system dreamt
up over two decades ago simply shows that we have not learned from
the past. This is the challenge facing architects of a security
policy adequate to the needs of the 21st century. Increasing funding
for nonproliferation programs, getting U.S. nuclear weapons reductions
back on track, and focusing on diplomatic disarmament efforts will
provide real, lasting security."
Michelle Ciarrocca (email@example.com)
is a research associate at the World Policy Institute and writes
regularly for Foreign Policy in Focus. See the new FPIF Policy Brief
online at http://www.fpif.org/briefs/vol9/v9n04missdef.html.
* In a related article from the Nov. 13th Washington Post, the
reelection of President Bush is pushing the Canadian government
toward a decision it had hoped to avoid: whether to join a new U.S.
system designed to shoot down any missile headed for North America.
"Off Canada's northwest shoulder, the United States already
is lowering five-story interceptor missiles into silos in Alaska
to start the experimental and controversial missile defense system
that Bush has championed. His administration has made clear it would
like Canada to be part of the project.
"But a new opinion poll released this month showed 52 percent
of people surveyed were opposed to the plan, and antipathy here
to Bush was intensified by the contentious U.S. election. Opposition
from Canada's splintered political
parties has also given Prime Minister Paul Martin's government,
already operating with a minority in the parliament, serious pause
about promoting missile defense."
Last year, ECAAR distributed our report "The Full Costs
of Ballistic Missile Defense," which predicted costs
of over $1 trillion, to public policy makers in Canada. Apparently
our concerns, along with other opponents' of the system, are being
heard, as the article goes on to say, "Opponents echo the complaints
of critics in the United States, arguing that the missile defense
system is unproven, technologically difficult, hugely expensive
and based on an outdated assumption that an attack will come in
the form of an airborne missile. In addition, critics here say the
system undermines Canada's preference for multinational teamwork
and agreements over weapons and defense machinery."
To read the entire article, please go to http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A48191-2004Nov13.html
To read "The Full Costs of Missile Defense," download the PDF file
*FUNDING AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES*
* The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation sponsors scholarly research
on problems of violence, aggression, and dominance. The foundation
provides both research grants to established scholars and dissertation
fellowships to graduate students during the dissertation-writing
The foundation awards research grants to individuals for individual
projects and does not award grants to institutions for institutional
programs. Typically, the range for research grants is $15,000 to
$30,000 a year, for a period of one to two years. The foundation
welcomes proposals from any of the natural and social sciences and
the humanities that promise to increase the understanding of the
causes, manifestations, and control of violence, aggression, and
dominance. Applications must be received by August 1 for a decision
Ten or more dissertation fellowships of $10,000 each are awarded
annually to individuals who plan to complete their dissertations
by the end of the year. The fellowships are designed to contribute
to the support of doctoral candidates in the final year of Ph.D.
work so that they can complete their theses in a timely manner.
Applications must be received by February 1 for a decision in June.
Visit the foundation's Web site for specific program details and
application guidelines. http://www.hfg.org/
or contact The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation at 557 Madison
Avenue, New York, NY 10022. Tel: (212) 644-4907
* ECAAR is pleased to announce the release of the first
in a series of Fact Sheets. This first issue presents an overview
of Military vs. Social Spending: Warfare or Human Welfare.
The fact sheet compares US and global military spending
with the costs of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals
in an accessible, graphic format. The fact sheet, which was compiled
and designed by ECAAR's Project Manager, Paul Burkholder, is available
in PDF format at http://www.ecaar.org/factsheets/milexMDG.pdf
* The ECAAR Review 2003.
Titled "Conflict or Development?" this edition
has a regional focus on Africa, the site of most of the world's current armed conflicts.
In its pages some of the leading economists of the day analyze and
reflect on the relationships among military spending, domestic and
foreign policy, security, and human welfare. Features include country
studies and sections on business and conflict and "Trends in
World Military Expenditure." Written in clear English, with
informative maps, tables, and graphs, the series is designed to
inform the debate among policymakers, activists, journalists, academics,
students, and citizens worldwide.
You can order the Review at http://www.ecaar.org/Review_files/order.htm
We believe the Review can be a valuable teaching tool in economics,
political science, and international relations courses. If
you are interested in teaching this book, please contact Kate Cell
(firstname.lastname@example.org) for a copy to review.
* "The Full Cost of Ballistic Missile Defense" The study
estimates that the total life-cycle cost for a layered missile defense
system could reach $1.2 trillion through 2035. You can order
a copy of the report from the co-sponsor of the study, http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/nmd/fullcost.html,
or download the PDF file from http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/nmd/fullcost.pdf.
* As early as this week, the full Senate Appropriations
Committee may vote on whether to fund new nuclear weapons for fiscal
year 2005. The committee is expected to take up an "omnibus"
appropriations bill, which would take the place of the unfinished
appropriations bills and is expected to include funding for the
nuclear weapons program. The Bush administration has asked Congress
for $27.6 million to continue a study on the Robust Nuclear Earth
Penetrator (RNEP), or nuclear "bunker buster," and $9
million for the Advanced Concepts Initiative for new nuclear weapons.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein (CA) intends to offer an amendment in committee
to delete the funds for new nuclear weapons. The amendment is unlikely
to pass. However, the bill will then quickly go to a House-Senate
conference committee, which is expected to complete its work before
Christmas. The House earlier zeroed out new nuclear weapons funding
and may insist on doing so in conference committee. A partial or
complete victory for nuclear restraint is possible in the final
bill coming out of the conference committee. The result will depend
in part on how much opposition Senate Appropriations Committee members
hear from their constituents.
If you would like to contact your Congressional Representative
to let them know that you think funding for new nuclear weapons
is a bad idea, or that new nuclear weapons will not make the world more secure, follow the link below to easily
send an email or fax. Start with the sample letter posted on the
Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL) Legislative Action
Center, personalize the language, then send your message directly
from the site. http://capwiz.com/fconl/issues/alert/?alertid=6631026&type=CO
* Anyone who would be willing to put an ECAAR flyer
up on a departmental bulletin board or similar venue, please contact
Thea Harvey, Development Manager at email@example.com.
* November 19. 2004. The Study Group on the Economics of Security
in the Post-9/11 World presents Winslow Wheeler to discuss his
new book, "The Wastrels of Defense: How Congress Sabotages
U. S. Security" (Naval Institute Press, 2004). Mr.
Wheeler is a Visiting Senior Fellow at the Center for Defense Information
in Washington who spent 30 years working on Capital Hill, on the
staffs of both Democratic and Republican Senators, and for the General
Accounting Office. He was recently on 60 Minutes (October 31, 2004),
commenting on equipment deficiencies for US military personnel in
Iraq. The Study Group will meet at 66 Fifth Ave. (between 12th and
Room 720, New York City at 2pm for coffee and snacks. The presentation
will begin at 2:30. RSVP to Frida Berrigan, firstname.lastname@example.org
* November 21, 2004, 3:30 to 5:30pm. Professor Johan Galtung, founder
of the discipline of Peace Studies and Director of TRANSCEND: A
Peace and Development Network, will deliver the Gita and Tulsi Savani
Lecture on "Gandhi, Nonviolence and Contemporary Conflicts:
Washington, Al-Qaeda and Kashmir" at
The Ahimsa Center in Pomona, California. The event is free, but
please RSVP as space is limited. http://www.csupomona.edu/~ahimsacenter/home.html
* November 22-26, 2004. Peacebuilding, Conflict
Transformation & Post War Reconstruction and Resolution. A
Five-Day International Training Programme for Practitioners, Policy
Makers, International and National Agency Staff and NGOs working
in peacebuilding, conflict transformation and post-war recovery,
at the Romanian Peace Institute in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Sponsored
by TRANSCEND and PATRIR. Cost €450 -
* November 23, 2004, 9:30am to 5:30pm. Professor Johan Galtung
will lead an all-day (six-hour) workshop on "Peaceful Conflict
Transformation: The Transcend Approach" at The Ahimsa Center
in Pomona, California. Registration is required. http://www.csupomona.edu/~ahimsacenter/home.html
* Nov. 29-Dec. 3, 2004. Organization for the Prohibition of
Chemical Weapons annual meeting. The Hague, Netherlands http://www.opcw.org/
* December 3, 2004. The Center on Terrorism at John Jay College
presents a seminar on The Second Nuclear Age: Nuclear Weapons
* The New Terrorism * The Culture of Fear from 9:00am to 6:00pm,
at the CUNY Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Avenue at 34th Street, New
York City. Registration is by phone at (212) 817-8215. For more
information visit http://www.jjay.cuny.edu/terrorism/
* December 10, 2004. The Study Group on the Economics of Security
in the Post-9/11 World presents Mia Bloom from the University
of Cincinnati, whose book, "Dying to Kill: The Global Phenomenon
of Suicide Terror," will be published by Columbia University
Press in 2005. She will talk about her research. 66 Fifth Ave.,
Room 720, New York City, at 2:00pm.
* December 17-19, 2004. The Global Reconciliation Network hosts
Towards Harmony: Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation,
a meeting to address issues concerning the sources of conflict that
arise out of the action of global processes, such the operation
of the World Economic Forum and the World Social Forum, in New Delhi,
India. Themes to be addressed at the meeting will include the following:
local conditions of conflict and possibilities for cross-cultural
dialogues within specific communities; local rights to the use of
resources versus the conditions imposed by the globalized economy;
community rights to environmental self determination as opposed
to the sovereign rights of states; the concept of, and the possibilities
for, multiculturalism in Western and non-Western societies;
perceptions of the West from non-Western societies, and vice versa;
the ethics of terrorism and responses to it; and the possibilities
for civil society based movements for global cooperation and conflict
resolution. Participants will address a range of issues relating
to regional and international conflicts, and strategies based on
action within local communities to promote reconciliation. Participants
will include people working in India itself in this field, including
representatives of academic institutions and community based organizations,
and international contributors with experience in both theoretical
and practical aspects of these issues. For more information visit
or register online at http://www.idealist.org/en/events/102917:48/87161:202
* January 7-9, 2005. The annual meetings of the Allied Social Sciences
Associations (ASSA) and the American Economics Association (AEA)
in Philadelphia, PA. For more information, see http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AEA/anmt.htm
* January 11- 21, 2005. Economists for Peace and Security-Spain
have organized the First Virtual International Meeting on
Economia de la Paz y la Seguridad. The meeting will be conducted
via the internet, entirely in Spanish. Additional information and
call for papers are at http://www.eumed.net/eve/.
* January 21, 2005. The Study Group on the Economics of Security
in the Post-9/11 World at .66 W 12th; Room 510, New York City
at 2:00pm. Study Group co-chairs Bill Hartung and David Gold will
speak on the prospects for the defense budget in a second Bush Administration.
* March 4-6, 2005. The 31st annual Eastern Economic Association
Conference will be held in New York City. Conference program
and other information is available at http://www.iona.edu/eea
*HOW CAN I HELP?*
* If you are considering buying a book online, please
take a look at WhatWeGive.com (http://www.whatwegive.com/).
They have tens of thousands of titles available at a discount to
you, and ECAAR receives twenty percent of your purchase price. After
you check out, a pop up window will ask for information about the
organization to which you wish your donation to go. Enter Organizational
Account # 32 and "Economists Allied for Arms Reduction"
in the organization field, and your purchase will be credited to
* Please consider becoming a member of ECAAR. Your
annual membership entitles you to discounts on publications, invitations
to events, our informative newsletters, and more. Most importantly,
by joining us you help to ensure that reasoned perspectives on essential
economic issues will continue to be heard. Membership dues and other
donations are fully tax-deductible. Visit http://www.ecaar.org/Membership.htm
for more information.
* If you have enjoyed this issue of ECAAR NewsNotes,
or if you wish to support our mission, please consider
making a donation to ECAAR. You can do so securely online through
our website at https://www.chi-cash-advance.com/sforms/appeal196/contribute.asp or by sending a check to ECAAR, 39 E. Central Ave., Suite One,
Pearl River, NY 10965. If you have any questions call (845) 620-1542,
or email email@example.com.
*For more information about ECAAR, please visit our website www.ecaar.org
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