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December 2003

News Notes is a monthly email update of goings-on at ECAAR.  In it you will find information on current projects, announcements of upcoming events and publications, and an action corner.  We would like to include information on what our members are doing.  If you would like to submit information about an event or publication that you are involved with, please send an email to  (The fine print- we reserve the right to edit submissions for space or content.)  

In this issue (click on a heading to jump to that section):
*In Other News
*Funding Opportunities
*ECAAR Publications
*Action Corner
*Upcoming Events



* Our new software is in place!  We hope you like the new look of NewsNotes.  If you are not able to read the html, or if things look funny, please let us know.

*We would like to invite you to join us at the ASSA/AEA meetings in San Diego for the following ECAAR events.  We will also have an informational table somewhere in the lobby of the convention center, so please stop by, bring a friend and say hello.

- 15th Anniversary Dinner Honoring Ken Arrow, Sunday, Jan. 4th.
Reception at 7PM, dinner at 7:30, Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, Regency Room D & E.  Lawrence Klein will be the main speaker.    Thanks to generous sponsorship from Elsevier, publishers of the Handbook in Economics series, we are able to offer tickets at below cost this year.  For ECAAR members who register before December 19th, a dinner ticket is $50.  For those registering after December 19th, and for non-members a ticket is $75.  If you are not a member, you can join and register for the dinner at the members' rate at the same time.  Register online by sending an email to and then going to to enter your credit card information.

- Panel Session 1, Sunday, Jan 4th, 10:15AM. International Peacemaking and Peacekeeping, Manchester Grand Hyatt, Maggie Room.
Presiding: JURGEN BRAUER, Augusta State University
Presenters: JURGEN BRAUER, Augusta State University--The Production of Peace
- LLOYD J. DUMAS, University of Texas-Dallas--The Ultimate Substitution Effect: Can Economic Incentives Displace Military Force in Keeping the Peace?
- WAYNE NAFZIGER, Kansas State University--Kansas State University--Peacemaking as Preventing War Before It Starts: Economic Development, Inequality, and Humanitarian Emergencies

- Panel Session 2, Monday, Jan. 5th, 10:15AM. Real Homeland Security,
Manchester Grand Hyatt, Room Betsy C
Presiding: MICHAEL D. INTRILIGATOR, University of California-Los Angeles
Presenters: CINDY WILLIAMS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology--Paying for the War on
Terrorism: U.S. Security Choices Since 9/11
- CLARK ABT, Abt Associates--Economic Impacts of Bio and Nuclear Terrorist Attacks
- MASAHIRO KAWAI, University of Tokyo--Economic Integration, Peace and Security in East Asia
- TODD SANDLER, University of Southern California, and DANIEL G. ARCE, Rhodes College--Terrorism and Game Theory

- Annual Membership Meeting, Sunday, Jan. 4th, 5:30 - 6:30PM, Manchester Grand Hyatt, Maggie Room.  The agenda will include a report on 2003 activities and poster sessions/papers by members: "Can Economics Predict The Next Global War," Carl Lundgren and James Lynch; "Applications of Economics Analysis to Issues of War and Peace," Ron Friesen.

* Wolfram Elsner, chair of ECAAR-Germany, recently published a new book, "International Restructuring and Conversion of Arms: Industries and the Military Sector" with Transaction Publishers, Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey

* Call for papers:  ECAAR-UK, along with the Arms Production and Trade Group, the University of the West of England and the University of Bristol will sponsor the Eight Annual Conference on Economics and Security on June 24-26 in Bristol, UK.  The conference will include a public lecture, plenary sessions with keynote speakers and specialist workshop streams.  Proposed topics include: European security; Economics of the RMA; Globalisation and the restructuring of the MIC; Economics of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction; Economics of the arms trade; Procurement and offsets; Arms races, offsets and alliances; Peace science; Conversion and Demilitarisation; and Policy responses.  Offers of papers on other related topics are also welcome.  For more information about submitting an abstract, please see:  

* Sean Gonsalves on writes, "The cockroaches are celebrating[as] U.S. leads way toward new nuclear arms race."  Last week President Bush signed the Energy and Water Appropriations Bill.  The bill, among other things, provides funding for research in developing nuclear weapons with first-strike capability.  Mr. Gonsalves speaks about the tragic irony  that while the president speaks forcefully about the need to stem the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, his administration is pursuing policies that are likely to enflame the global threat. ECAAR Board member Lloyd J. Dumas says in the article, "By signing a bill that allocates nearly $40 million for research on new nuclear weapons and readying the Nevada nuclear test site for quicker reactivation, the administration has found yet another way to weaken American security, while claiming to strengthen it."

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* is an initiative of the Institute for Security Studies.  Small arms and light weapons have been termed the new weapons of mass destruction. The Small Arms Survey has estimated that there are more than 600 million small arms in the world - enough for one in every ten people globally.  This website offers a portal to resources on small arms in Africa, as well as information on efforts - mainly at the United Nations level - to build greater transparency in the conventional arms trade and the on-going challenge of reducing the risks from landmines.  This web portal is intended to be a resource tool for policy makers, researchers and non-governmental organisations working on these issues.

The website is currently featuring a recently released report on the successes of South Africa and Lesotho in the destroying of surplus small arms and light weapons and management of their stockpiles.  The aim of the report, produced by the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) and the Small Arms Survey (SAS), is to highlight the lessons from South Africa and Lesotho, and thereby encourage other governments to carry out similar programmes if they have not already begun to do so.

*A new internet portal on globalisation, sponsored by
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung as well as its network, presents a variety of publications ranging from short briefing papers to in-depth-studies. Many working papers were written by stakeholders from countries of the South.  The site provides information on the agenda-setting of important global conferences and discusses their results.  More than 300 scripts can be downloaded for free.

*Another new website calls itself, "
Zimbabwe's civic and human rights portal." The site brings together a significant number of Zimbabwean NGOs, CSOs and social justice organisations. Kubatana's home page will bring you up to date on political developments in Zimbabwe, including new legislation and press statements from civic groups.
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*ECAAR's Security Policy Working Group partner, Bill Hartung at the World Policy Institute, writes in the Los Angeles Times about, "The Booming Defense Business."  The article begins,"It's not every day that the chief executive of a major defense contractor steps down because of ethical wrongdoing on his watch, as Boeing CEO Phil Condit did Dec. 1. But let's be clear about one thing: This mounting scandal, which centers on whether Boeing improperly offered Pentagon procurement official Darleen Druyun a job while she was negotiating the terms of a $20-billion deal to lease 747s from the company, goes well beyond a few misguided executives at one corporation.",1,64805,print.story?coll=la-news-comment-opinions

*A report released November 25 by Human Rights Watch entitled "Sudan, Oil and Human Rights," investigates the role that oil has played in Sudan's civil war. This report is the most comprehensive examination yet published of the links between natural-resource exploitation and human rights abuses. The report documents how the government has used the roads, bridges and airfields built by the oil companies as a means for it to launch attacks on civilians in the southern oil region of Western Upper Nile (also known as Unity state). In addition to its regular army, the government has deployed militant Islamist militias to prosecute the war, and has armed southern factions in a policy of ethnic manipulation and destabilization. The report provides evidence of the complicity of oil companies in the human rights abuses. Oil company executives turned a blind eye to well-reported government attacks on civilian targets, including aerial bombing of hospitals, churches, relief operations and schools. The report also covers the SPLM/A's role in the struggle over oilfields.

* In an article originally published in the Los Angeles Times, November 19th, Joseph Cirincione and Michael O'Hanlon discuss how "Congress Shares Responsibility for War."  Congress knew from unclassified briefings and findings from the intelligence community that the Al Qaeda link and the nuclear capabilities charge were being distorted by the administration.   There was sufficient evidence to know the administration was probably wrong at the time.  Few members of Congress made an effort to independently assess the intelligence information they were provided. That gave free rein to the administration and served the nation poorly as a result. 

* Peace pact signed in Burundi.(IRIN) - The transitional national government of Burundi and the Conseil national pour la defense de la democratie-Forces pour la defense de la democratie (CNDD-FDD) rebel group  finalized peace negotiations on November 17th and signed an agreement endorsing political, defense and security power sharing to end the decade long civil war.  Signatories to the agreement and observers are confident that the deal will be implemented, unlike many signed in the Burundi peace process in the past because the details have been worked out and agreed upon.  There is still one rebel group that is not participating in the peace process, the FNL, but the two main parties have set a three month limitation on their cooperation, and spelled out methods for obtaining compliance.  The other impediment to peace is the lack of funds.  There are peacekeeping troops in place, but of the $120 million required to sustain the process only $20 million has been secured.  The African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU) have pledged support, but more is needed.

The UN and its partner NGOs are calling for $71.1 million in humanitarian aid for Burundi in their Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) for 2004, of which $5.8 million is slated for protection, human rights and the rule of law.  The balance of the aid will go towards food security, access to basic services and emergency response as the means "to provide life-sustaining humanitarian assistance to the Burundian people".

* Rwanda wins kudos in the UNDP Human Development Report 2003 for being a world leader in gender balance in political representation and decision-making.  In elections in September, 45 percent of seats in the national parliament were taken by women.  Women in Rwanda gained from strong political leadership and grassroots support during broad consultations to frame the new Constitution adopted in May.  The international community supported efforts to train women in decision-making and create exchange mechanisms, strengthen women's civil society organizations and establish structures for women at all government levels.

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*Scholar Rescue Fund Fellowships: The Institute of International Education's Scholar Rescue Fund provides fellowships for scholars whose lives and work are threatened in their home countries. These fellowships permit scholars to find temporary refuge at universities and colleges anywhere in the world, enabling them to pursue their academic work and to continue to share their knowledge with students, colleagues, and the community at large. When conditions improve, these scholars will return home to help rebuild universities and societies ravaged by fear, conflict and repression.

Academics, researchers and independent scholars from any country, field or discipline may qualify. Preference is given to scholars with a Ph.D. or other highest degree in their field; who have been employed in scholarly activities at a university, college or other institution of higher learning during the last four years (excluding displacement or prohibition); who demonstrate superior academic accomplishment or promise; and whose selection is likely to benefit the academic community in the home and/or host country or region. Applications from female scholars and under-represented groups are strongly encouraged.

Applications and nominations should be made to the Fund's Selection Committee. Institutions interested in hosting a particular scholar should submit a letter with the scholar's application. Fellowships are awarded to institutions for support of specific individuals, to be matched in most cases by the institution or third-party. Fellowship recipients are expected to continue their work in safety at the host institution-teaching, lecturing, conducting research, writing and publishing. Fellowships from 3 months to one calendar year will be considered with up to 25 fellowships awarded annually. The maximum award is US $20,000.

Applications are accepted at any time. Emergency applications receive urgent consideration. Non-emergency applications will be considered according to the following schedule: Winter 2004: Applications received by January 1; decision by March 1. Spring 2004: Applications received by April 1; decision by June 1. Use this link to download the application:

To apply or to learn how your institution might host an SRF scholar contact:
IIE Scholar Rescue Fund Fellowships
809 U.N. Plaza, Second Floor
New York, New York 10017
Tel: (USA) 1-212-984-5472, Fax: (USA) 1-212-984-5401
E-mail:, Web:
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* The ECAAR Review 2003.  This year's edition is titled, "Conflict or Development?" and has a regional focus on Africa, the site of most of the world's current armed conflicts.  In its pages some of the leading economists of the day analyze and reflect on the relationships among military spending, domestic and foreign policy, security, and human welfare. Features include country studies and sections on business and conflict and "Trends in World Military Expenditure." Written in clear English, with informative maps, tables, and graphs, the series is designed to inform the debate among policymakers, activists, journalists, academics, students, and citizens worldwide.

*You can order the Review at   

*We believe the Review can be a valuable teaching tool in economics, political science, and international relations courses.  If you are interested in teaching this book, please contact Kate Cell ( a copy to review.

*  "The Full Cost of Ballistic Missile Defense."  The study estimates that the total life-cycle cost for a layered missile defense system could reach $1.2 trillion through 2035.
*You can order a copy of the report from the co-sponsor of the study, or download the PDF file from

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*The Energy Bill proposed by the Bush administration was narrowly defeated in November.  Another bill will come up for vote in the new year.   If you agree that we should have an energy policy that reduces our reliance on oil and commits the nation to reasonable renewable energy requirements, please continue to tell your representatives in Congress that the wish list of energy executives is not sound energy policy.  You can find contact information for your Senators at and Congressional representatives at  While Congress is on its winter recess, this is a good time to find your representatives in their home offices.

*Register to vote, update your address, or change your party registration in a few easy steps, through this Working for Change  website:

*Anyone who would be willing to put an ECAAR flyer up on a departmental bulletin board or similar venue, please contact Thea Harvey, Development Manager at

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We would like News Notes to be a way for ECAAR members and our community to keep  in touch.  We will include, if you send them to us, notices on events and publications that you are involved with.


*January 2-5, 2004. Please see above for a complete listing of ECAAR events at the ASSA/AEA meetings in San Diego, California.

*Jan.9-11,2004.  An International Conference on Conflict, Peace and Development in South AsiaDue to a change in the political situation in Sri Lanka the conference has been moved and rescheduled.  The new venue is the National Law University in Jodhpiur, India.  For details and registration contact Professor Manas Chatterji, Binghamton University, tel: 607-777-2475, email:

*January 25-27, 2004, Washington, DC. The Nuclear Policy Research Institute hosts Three Minutes to Midnight: NPRI Symposium on the Impending Threat of Nuclear War.  Join scientists, policy-makers, military and medical experts from around the world for three days of analysis, insight and strategy.  At this landmark symposium, nuclear abolitionists, weapons designers and supporters of nuclear weapons as a deterrent will come together for the first time ever to discuss and debate the role of nuclear weapons in the 21st century.  More information and online registration at:

*May 30-June 18, 2004.  Summer Peacebuilding Institute, Conflict Transformation Across Cultures, sponsored by the Center for Social Policy and Institutional Development at the School for International Training in Brattleboro, Vermont.

June 3- 8, 2004. WIIS 2004 Summer Symposium for Graduate Students in International Affairs.    The Women in Internation Security Summer Symposium is an intensive six-day program in Washington, DC comprising seminars on security issues with leading policy experts, career development workshops, a crisis simulation, student research presentations, and unique networking opportunities. 

*June 9-11, 2004 at the Tinbergen Institute at the University of Amsterdam. The second Peace Science Conference.  Organized by the network of European Peace Scientists (NEPS).  Registration fee will be 35.  More information will be posted as it becomes available.

*June 24-26, 2004.  ECAAR-UK, along with the Arms Production and Trade Group, the University of the West of England and the University of Bristol will sponsor the Eight Annual Conference on Economics and Security in Bristol, UK.  Watch this website for updates:

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